What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition we are all aware of – but how much do you actually know about this 21st-century epidemic?
According to Diabetes Australia:
- 280 Australians develop diabetes every day
- There are three main types of diabetes
- A person who has diabetes cannot naturally maintain healthy levels of glucose in their blood
Dr Sanjeev at Park Medical is passionate about the prevention and management of diabetes through diet. Read more about the Low Carb, Healthy Fat diet here.
The statistics of diabetes in Australia and across the globe
According to Diabetes Australia, statistics show that in Australia, one person will develop diabetes every five minutes, making diabetes the fastest growing chronic condition in the country. In fact, more than 100,000 Australians developed the condition in the past year alone.
Diabetes is increasing in prevalence. Currently, Type 1 diabetes accounts for 10% of all diabetes, Type 2 accounts for 85%, and cases of gestational diabetes during pregnancy are also on the rise. While Type 1 diabetes must constantly be monitored and treated, Type 2 diabetes is preventable and can be managed through a Low Carb, Healthy Fat diet.
The three main types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, as described by Diabetes Australia, is ‘an auto-immune condition in which the immune system is activated to destroy the cells in the pancreas which produce insulin. […] There is no cure and it cannot be prevented.’
Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes can include excessive thirst, lethargy, hunger, weight loss, dizziness, and many more.
Type 2 diabetes, as described by Diabetes Australia, is ‘a progressive condition in which the body becomes resistant to the normal effects of insulin and/or gradually loses the capacity to produce enough insulin in the pancreas. […] Type 2 diabetes is associated with modifiable lifestyle risk factors.’
Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes can include putting on weight, passing more urine, blurred vision, itching, and many more.
Gestational diabetes mellitus can occur during pregnancy, and according to Diabetes Australia, is ‘the fastest growing type of diabetes in Australia, affecting thousands of pregnant women.’
Gestational diabetes, once diagnosed, can be managed with a healthy eating plan, regular physical activity, and maintaining blood glucose levels.
The importance of glucose – managing diabetes
If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, how you treat the condition will depend on the type you have developed.
However, the key to treating all types of diabetes, according to Diabetes Australia, is ‘keeping blood glucose levels in a healthy range.’ This will help prevent long-term and short-term complications.
Dr Sanjeev at Park Medical Group is passionate about helping patients manage diabetes. Call the friendly reception staff at Park Medical to book your appointment with him today.